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Do You Know the Meaning of Color Value?

Update time:2017-08-21 19:15:12 | Clicks:890

The value of the color is represented by the international used color space such as LAB, LCH, RGB, XYZ, YXY,etc. LAB is the most commonly used. 


CIE1976 L*a*b* color space is mainly used for paint, building material ,coating and other other surface color industries. It is also called CIELAB. L * is the brightness coordinate, which characterizes the brightness of the color. a * b * is the color coordinates, which characterizes the color tone and saturation. Please refer to figure.


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L represents brightness. 0-100 represents from black to white.

a represents red to green. Positive values indicate red and negative values for green.

b represents yellow to green. Positive values indicate yellow and negative values for blue.

For example, if the products’ color value is  L:22.75,A:22.58,B:13.83.

Its represents white is 22.75. Red is 22.58, and yellow 13.83.

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During the measurement, the first measurement is for target, the second measurement is for getting delta E value which is also called color difference value. The difference is the value of the measured product minus the sample

value, the brightness difference △ L, red and green difference A and yellow and blue difference B.


The formula is:


L = L sample-L standard (brightness difference)

a = a sample-a standard (red / green difference)

b = b sample-b standard (yellow / blue difference)

L + too much white, L- too much black

a + too much red, a- too much green

b + too much yellow, b- too much blue

L *, a *, B * is the difference of brightness L * and chromaticity value a * and b * between the target and sample.

E represents color difference value, the calculation method and the brightness difference L, red and green difference A, yellow and blue difference B have a relationship.


The formula is:
E=[(L)+(a)+(b)]1/2
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Customers are mainly based on the △ E, brightness difference L, red and green difference A and yellow and blue difference B for color matching and adjusting.

L is positive, indicates that the measured product is brighter than the sample, negative indicates the measured product is darker than the sample;

A is a positive value, indicates the measured product is much more red than the sample, negative value indicates that the measured product is much more green than the sample;

B is a positive value, indicates the measured product is much more yellow than the sample, negative value indicates that the measured product is much more blue than the sample;

LCH color space, L is brightness, c is Chroma, H is Hue. Brightness, chroma and hue are the three basic properties of color.


RGB color space, R is red, G is green, B is blue. This color space is most commonly used in the printing industry.
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XYZ color space, XYZ value analysis the color according to the object surface reflection characteristics and degree.